The Complete Guide to Geology

Geology’s in its simplest terms is the study of the Earth. It encompases many of the earth’s most stunning and fascinating features, from waterfalls to volcanoes to caves and craters. Geology students can look forward to opportunities in a wide variety of fields, such as marine geology, mineralogy, paleontology, or seismology.

We’ve put together this list of resources for everyone from the geology newbie to the geology professional. This article will introduce the top geology blogs, geology career resources, and some of the coolest geological sites around the world, so start checking them out and get ready to learn some cool stuff.

Top 20 Geology Blogs

  • Arizona Geology:: Lee Allison, State Geologist & Director of the Arizona Geological Survey, writes about geological sites and events in Arizona, as well as environmental news and issues around the world.
  • Clastic Detritus: Clastic Detritus is written by geologist Brian Romans who writes about geology research, primarily marine and sedimentary geology, and shares photos of geological phenomenon from around the world.
  • Dino Jim’s Musings: Jim Lehane is a geologist and paleontologist who discusses geological events, paleontology research and related topics.
  • Dinochick Blog: This blog discusses geology and paleontology, with the intention of being informative and entertaining without being overly technical.
  • Eruptions: Eruptions is written by geologist Dr. Erik Klemetti. The blog discusses past and present volcanic activity and its impact on society.
  • Geologic Frothings:The author, a PhD geologist, discusses ways to integrate technology into the field and the academic study of geology.
  • Geotripper:Garry Hayes, a geology instructor at Modesto Junior College, discusses geology, volcanism and related topics. Blog posts feature news, resources, and photos from Hayes’ travels to geological sites.
  • Highly Allochthonous: Authors Chris Rowan and Anne Jefferson are geologists who discuss geology and related topics. The blog also includes a “Rock Gallery” of geology photos, illustrations and maps.
  • Lounge of the Lab Lemming: The author describes himself as a “geochemical soldier of fortune” and discusses a variety of topics, including environmental issues, geological events, research and geology-related technology.
  • Magma Cum Laude: This blog discusses geological phenomenon from around the world and presents in-depth analysis of past and present geological events.
  • Rapid Uplift:Rapid Uplift author Suvrat Kher discusses geology, environmental science, climate change and other topics. Posts discuss news, research, and relevant web resources in the field.
  • Ripples In Sand:The author is a geology graduate student who writes on geology, specifically relating to sand and deserts, and presents news and research.
  • Ron Schott’s Geology Home Companion Blog: Geologist Ron Schott discusses his travels and finds in geology, specifically rocks and rock formations, and shares photos with detailed analysis.
  • Stories In Stone:Stories in Stone is about geology, specifically the ways in which people use stone as a building material.
  • The Ethical Paleontologist: This blog is written by a geologist and biology instructor and discusses his experiences in teaching.
  • The Geology News Blog: This blog focuses on geology news and research, and also serves as a discussion forum.
  • Through the Sandglass: This blog examines and discusses sand from a geological perspective. The author uses sand and the image of an hourglass as a metaphor for our impact on the earth.
  • U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program:This site provides information on earthquake hazards, news and research.
  • U.S. Geological Survey Hawaii Volcano Observatory:This site presents information on Hawaii’s geological sites, specifically volcanoes, and gives history, safety warnings, and eruption updates. It also includes information on volcanoes and geology in general.
  • Volcanism: The Volcanism Blog, written by a geology student, focuses on volcanoes and volcanic activity on earth and other planets. Posts feature news, information and analysis on volcanism-related topics.

Geology Career Resources

Top 20 Coolest Geological Sites

  • Aeolian Islands:Italy’s Aeolian Islands provide examples of vulcanian and strombolian volcanic eruption, and have been studied since the 18th century as a scientific record of volcanic island-building and destruction.
  • Canaima National Park:Canaima National Park is located over 3 million hectares in western Venezuela. The park’s sheer cliffs and waterfalls and table mountains create a unique ecosystem.
  • Grand Canyon: The Grand Canyon is a breath-taking steep-side gorge in Arizona. It was carved out by a mix of water and wind erosion, the Colorado River, continental drift, and other natural forces. The canyon is 277 miles long and reaches a depth of over a mile.
  • Greater Blue Mountains: Covering over 1 million hectares, the Greater Blue Mountains Area of Australia encompasses sandstone plateaus and gorges inhabited by temperate eucalyptus forest.
  • Ha Long Bay: Ha Long Bay, located in the Gulf of Tonkin in Viet Nam, encompasses 1,600 islands featuring limestone pillar formations. Most islands are unaffected by humans, which has preserved a unique ecosystem.
  • Ischigualasto  and Talampaya Natural Parks:These parks, located in central Argentina and collectively covering more than 275,300 hectares, contain the most complete Triassic period fossil record.
  • Kamchatka Penninsula:Home of active volcanoes, glaciers, and a variety of unique fish and animal’s, Russia’s Mahatma Peninsula encompasses a group of six separate geological sites.
  • Mammoth Cave National Park: Mammoth Cave National Park, in south central Kentucky, is the world’s largest cave system, with more than 367 miles of explored caves. The caves are a complicated maze of tunnels and caverns.
  • Meteor Crater:Meteor Crater is located in north eastern Arizona. The 4,000 foot wide, 500 foot deep crater was formed approximately 50,000 years ago, when a large meteorite impacted the earth.
  • Mount Kenya: Mount Kenya is the second highest peak in Africa and is an extinct volcano, active from 3.1 to 2.6 million years ago. There are 12 rapidly receding remnant glaciers on the mountain, creating a unique afro-alpin flora ecosystem.
  • Mount St. Helens:Mount St. Helens, in south western Washington, is an active composite volcano or strato volcano. After more than 100 years of inactivity, Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980, giving scientists the opportunity to study the ecological impact of volcanic debris on the local ecosystem.
  • Niagara Falls: American Falls, Bridal Veil Falls, and Horseshoe Falls, collectively called Niagara Falls, are located on the border between Ontario, Canada and New York, U.S.A. The falls and the Niagara River were formed when glaciers receded and melt waters flowed over the land at the end of the last ice age. More than 600,000 gallons of water flow over Horseshoe Falls every second.
  • Plitvice Lakes National Park:Plitivce Lakes National Park, in Croatia, formed over thousands of years as water flowed over limestone and chalk, creating natural dams and lakes, caves and waterfalls.
  • San Andreas Fault:The San Andreas Fault is located in California, where the North American and Pacific tectonic plates meet. The fault is approximately 800 miles long and 28 million years old.
  • Sangay National Park:Ecuador’s Sangay National Park includes a complete spectrum of ecosystems, from glaciers to tropical rainforests, including two active volcanoes. The area’s isolation has allowed several indigenous species to survive undisturbed.
  • Tassili N’ajjer: The eroded sandstone formations in this area of Algeria form a “forest of rock”. This site also includes more than 15,000 examples of prehistoric cave art, spanning from approximately 6,000 BCE to the first centuries CE.
  • Three Parallel Rivers and Yunnan Protected Areas: China’s Three Parallel Rivers National Park encompasses the Yangtze, Mekong and Salween rivers, which run parallel through gorges up to 3,000 meters deep, and glaciated peaks more than 6,000 meters high.
  • Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park: The Anangu Aboriginal people, who own Uluru-Kata Tjuta, include the rock monolith and rock domes in their traditional belief system. This area’s geological formations cover much of central Australia’s planes.
  • Victoria Falls: Located on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, Victoria Falls is formed by the Zambezi River plunging down a series of gorges. The falls raise an iridescent mist that can be seen 20 kilometers away.
  • Yellowstone National Park: Yellowstone National Park, located in Idaho and Montana, provides examples of various types of seismic hydrothermal activity. Yellowstone is home to steam vents, hot springs, mud pots, and more than 300 active geysers.

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